Questions & Answers

About right. based on science

Are you affiliated with the Science-Based Targets Initiative (SBTi)?

We are not affiliated with the Science-Based Targets Initiative (SBTi). However, many of our customers have joined the SBTi and have defined climate targets that fulfil SBTi requirements. Our software can help these companies to plan, track, and steer their progress towards such a target.

Will you recommend measures, investments, or technologies to help my company reduce emissions / to help us get Paris-aligned?

We firmly believe that you know the situation, market, opportunities, and constraints of your business best. We do not prescribe pre-defined measures or technology pathways that must be followed to comply with a certain standard.
Instead, our metrics and tools are designed to put you in the driver’s seat. Use them to create a credible, science-based climate strategy by assessing your current temperature trajectory (Temperature Alignment) and how future investments and plans would impact it.

Can you help us reach Net Zero / become carbon neutral?

Our software can help you map a Paris-aligned path from where you stand today to where you want to be at a particular point in the future, including at Net Zero in a certain year.
It can help you identify those areas within your operations that are / are not on track for that goal and to evaluate how certain investments or business decisions would affect your trajectory.
Based on that, you can determine which changes to e.g. your business model, your products, your supply chain, or your energy sources are right for you.

Are you an NGO? Who pays for your services? Who are your customers?

We are a for-profit company, working mainly for customers from the real and financial economy (companies from various industries, banks, investment firms etc.).
right. was founded out of the firm belief that there is value in helping businesses and financial market participants understand their climate impact and steer their operations to align with the ‘below 2°C’ goal – thereby reducing material risk and ensuring their long-term license-to-operate.

How are you different from Carbon Footprinting?

X-Degree Compatibility (XDC) analysis is the next step, once an entity’s carbon footprint has been established (i.e. its Scope 1, 2, and 3 emissions). We believe this is a step worth taking because:
Emissions measured in tCO2 or tCO2e (CO2 equivalents) values are hard to grasp and to visualise. The actual impact they will have on climate change is not immediately clear. A °C metric is tangible, easy to understand and directly relates to the common goal the world’s leaders set out in the Paris Agreement: to keep global temperature rise ‘well below 2°C’.
A carbon footprint is usually backward-looking and is therefore difficult to use for steering. The XDC Model is forward-looking, applying scenario-based assumptions to project trajectories from a base year until 2050. It can also be used to calculate various different scenarios, e.g. to compare a ‘business as usual’ and a ‘high growth’ scenario.

About the X-Degree Compatibility Model and XDCs

Why do you use Gross Value Added (GVA)? What does GVA have to do with climate change?

Using Gross Value Added to determine the Economic Emissions Intensity of a company (or portfolio of companies) has three main advantages:

  1. GVA is to a company what GDP is to a country. The EU Green Deal calls for the decoupling of economic growth (GDP) and natural resource use. By using GVA in relation to emissions, we are applying this same logic.
  2. GVA speaks the language of businesses and the real economy. This is important because that is where the emissions reductions need to happen.
  3. Since Global GVA is a fixed sum (published annually by the World Bank), it can be used to scale a single entity’s emissions intensity to a global level, thereby answering the question: What if everyone behaved as this entity does? This creates comparability between companies of different sizes & regions and is a crucial component of robust net-zero plans.

Is it true that a company can reduce its XDC by just increasing GVA, without reducing emissions?

In theory, this is correct. If GVA grows while emissions remain constant, the XDC falls.
However: In our experience, translating this calculation to reality is a great challenge for companies – one that requires new approaches to operations, production, sourcing, distribution etc. In other words: it requires companies to find new ways of creating value without growing emissions.

How can a Target XDC that is aligned to 1.75°C global warming be higher / lower than 1.75°C?

Our Target XDCs are derived from climate change mitigation scenarios such as the International Energy Agency’s ‘Beyond 2 Degrees Scenario’ (B2DS). These allocate the greenhouse gas budget that remains, in order to keep global warming to below 2°C, to various industries or sectors. Inherent differences of these industries in emissions intensity and the capacity to reduce it are taken into account here, so that the utilities sector has a larger remaining budget than e.g. telecommunications. We translate these differences into °C, resulting in higher Target XDCs for ‘heavier’ industries.
However, all sectors will need to make further emissions reductions to make the transition to a <2°C future possible.

Does the XDC Model account for all environmental / sustainability factors (e.g. water use, pollution, workers' rights…)?

So far, the XDC Model is focused exclusively on global warming and emissions (CO2e).
Approaches to integrate further sustainability factors are being explored within our research project right. open, where we collaborate with academic researchers to further evolve and improve the XDC Model.

Is the XDC Model validated or externally verified?

Data quality and sources

What data is needed for an XDC analysis?

The input data for our calculations varies, depending on the type of entity under consideration.

  1. For companies, single equities, bonds, and loans: GVA (EBITDA & personnel costs) and emissions (scopes 1-3; CO2e) from the same base year.
  2. For portfolios of equities, bonds or loans: ISINs for all securities in the portfolio and their portfolio weights.
  3. For Sovereign Bonds: A list of required countries. (Emissions Intensity here is measured as CO2e/capita).
  4. For Real Estate: Gross internal area; emissions (whole-buildings approach & fugitive emissions, if applicable); building use; country; base year.

Which emissions data scopes / categories do you cover? Do you include only carbon (CO2)?

We cover all direct and indirect emissions in scopes 1, 2, and 3 according to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol. This includes carbon dioxide as well as other greenhouse gases, such as nitrous oxide, methane, and F-gases, measured in CO2 equivalents (CO2e).

Where do you get your data?

Our emissions data provider is Urgentem.
Our GVA data provider is FactSet Research Systems.
Customers requesting an XDC Climate Impact Report or using the XDC Scenario Explorer can also use their own data and assumptions to conduct their analysis.
We also work with partner such as Stakeholder Reporting to support companies who do not yet have any or all required emissions data.

How do you deal with data gaps, uncertainty, and lacking standardisation of data - especially Scope 3 emissions data?

We work with data from a third-party data provider who fills data gaps when reporting is incomplete. When we receive the data, we run additional plausibility checks ourselves. Data that companies submit to us is benchmarked against sector averages to make sure we spot gaps and ensure reliability.
Our XDC Model team is currently working on uncertainty quantification to eventually make data from different sources comparable.

How do you deal with double counting?

We include 100% of Scope 1 (direct) emissions and 50% of Scope 2 and Scope 3 (indirect) emissions to account for double counting in the latter two categories.